Follow-up on the Prison and Probation Service’s work
with special reintegration assistance measures. English version of report 2017:17.
Within three years of release from prison, two out of five persons commit a new offence sanctionable by prison or probation. The National Council for Crime Prevention (Brå) has studied the Prison and Probation Service’s work with special reintegration assistance measures in Sweden.
This is a summary of the original Swedish Brå report 2017:17
Well-functioning reintegration assistance entails that the substance of the
various forms of reintegration assistance correspond to the intended purpose
and that the clients who need some form of reintegration assistance
satisfy the prerequisites necessary to utilise it. In respect of the substance
of the measures, Brå’s assessment is that they prepare the clients, in various
ways, for a return to the community. According to several of the studies,
one of the measures – enhanced day release – also leads to a reduction
of the percentage of recidivists. Although no significant effect has been
observed for other measures, it is not unreasonable that these measures
could be structured to have effect which prevents recidivism. However,
this requires a concerted effort to match each individual client with a
measure that meets their needs.
In respect of the number of clients who receive reintegration assistance,
there is much to indicate that more individuals could be given access to
reintegration assistance. Many of the previously identified impediments to
increasing the number of persons who have access to reintegration assistance
remain. These primarily involve overestimating the clients’ risks, insufficient
planning of measures, and insufficient interest among the clients.
The Prison and Probation Service’s development work can lead to more
individuals obtaining access to reintegration assistance and improvement
of the effect of the measures. However, the Prison and Probation Service
has carried out similar projects with no improvement. Accordingly, it is
important to follow up on and evaluate the work.
In Brå’s opinion, the Prison and Probation Service’s reintegration assistance
work is knowledge-based insofar that extensive follow-up statistics
are maintained. However, Brå believes that additional follow-ups and
analyses which would be valuable in terms of developing the scheme. This
includes, for example, studies which would illuminate the following issues:
© The Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention, 2018
Authors: Stina Holmberg, Johanna Kindgren and Linnea Littmann