Organised crime

Organised crime is carried out by some form of criminal group which commits offences for the purpose of making a profit. Since the primary purpose is to earn money, certain offences are more obvious choices than others.

Receiving stolen goods and smuggling

Number of offences of receiving stolen goods and possession of stolen goods, as well as offences under the Smuggling Act, broken down into drug smuggling and other. Source: Reported offences

Organised criminality acts on a marketplace and thus often focuses on receiving stolen goods and smuggling attractive goods, for example alcohol, cigarettes, and drugs. It is also common for prostitution to be conducted in organised forms, which leads to offences such as procuring and human trafficking. Organised criminality constitutes criminal commercial activity, where offences are committed systematically and for the sake of profit.

Procuring and human trafficking

Reported procuring offences (including aggravated procuring) as well as human trafficking for sexual purposes. Source: Reported offences

Brå defines organised crime as follows:

  • A network-based, profit-making criminal operation in project form that has the desire and the ability to protect and facilitate crime through unlawful influence (harassment, threats, violence and corruption).
  • Within the "projects", are successive each other, there is work sharing and flexibility which entails that individuals come and go from the projects.
  • The operation is, as a rule, conducted discreetly, but may sometimes be expressed in visible gangs with provocative behaviour, symbols and claims to power.  

The group has not formed for its own sake but is needed in order to carry out the crimes. Different individuals assume various roles, or "trades". The term "organisation" should not, however, be taken too literally. As a rule, the groups are very flexible — people come and go, the operation declines but is mobilised when the next project is to be carried out. However, one can speak of it as an organisation with a solid core which sets in motion and controls the operation. The organisation often benefits from maintaining a low profile. The members want to operate on the illegal market without being seen.

Nevertheless, there is also a much more visible kind of organised crime, specifically organisations where community and brotherhood presumably mean more than the criminal operation. These are criminal gangs which can spread unease with their provocative behaviour and visible symbols, such as vests and emblems.

Clearance rate

Person-based clearance rate¹ for receiving stolen goods and possessing stolen goods, offences under the Smuggling Act as well as procuring and aggravated procuring. Source: Processed offences

1) Person-based clearance means that a person suspected of the offence has been tied to the offence through an indictment, the issuance of a summary sanction order, or the issuance of a waiver of prosecution.

  • The person-based clearance rate reports the number of offences with person-based clearances during one year as a percentage of the number of processed offences during the same year. As from 2014, an adjusted person-based clearance rate is reported. The metric is essentially structured in the same way as previously, however, it is calculated based on all processed offences instead of all reported offences.
  • The conviction rate reports the number of person-based clearances during one year as a per cent of all investigated offences, excluding offences with limitations of investigation during the same period.

Primary problem areas

  • Market — the criminal operation does business on a market with buyers and sellers that generate income.
  • Unlawful influence — the element of organised crime that threatens the system, where officers, for example, are subjected to threats or other forms of pressure.
  • The visible provocation — with vest tops, symbols and a confrontational attitude