The statistics on police reports with identified hate crime motives are presented annually. The method of data collection differs significantly from that employed for the official crime statistics. The report further includes information collected from victimisation surveys, predominantly the Swedish Crime Survey (SCS).
Estimated number of of police reports with an identified hate crime motive, of which reports with xenophobic/racist motives, 2008–2015. Source: Hate Crime statistics
The data collection method for the statistics on police reports with identified hate crime motives differ from that of the official crime statistics on reported and cleared up crimes. Hate crime is not a specific criminal offence. Most offences in the Penal Code can amount to a hate crime since the hate crime element is found in the offender’s motives. Nor do the police have specific crime codes in their computer system for registering hate crimes, why data currently cannot be collected in the traditional manner.
The method for identifying police reports with potential hate crime motives is based on a computerised search of the narratives of the reports, by help of a search word list. Since 2012, the search is applied to a sample of reports concerning a number of specific crime categories. Reports containing words and phrases that indicate a potential hate crime motive are examined manually by at least two different people. Reports considered to contain a hate crime motive have their details coded in before an estimation procedure is applied to produce population-level estimates. These estimates subsequently make up the hate crime statistics.
The statistics on police reports with identified hate crime motives can indicate attention given to hate crime in police reports and the structure of reported incidents. It does not, however, indicate prevalence of hate crime in society since most criminal incidents, regardless of motive, are not reported to the police. For this purpose, victimisation studies such as the Swedish Crime Survey (SCS), the Swedish school survey on crime (SUB) and the Politicians' Safety Survey (PTU) can assist in giving a better picture.
The Swedish hate crime statistics are presented annually and are based primarily on police reports with identified hate crime motives, but also include self-reported exposure to hate crime based on data from the Swedish Crime Survey, in 2012 also from the Swedish school survey on crime and in 2013 from the Politicians' Safety Survey. The last two surveys are not conducted every year.
The statistics on police reports with identified hate crime motives include the following motives:
Details on self-reported exposure to hate crime include the following motives:
Data from the hate crime statistics 2015.