The most common and prosecuted Environmental Code offences are environmental crimes (e.g., pollution and nuisances), unlawful environmental activities (permission for a certain activity is lacking or the conditions are violated), and littering. The majority of suspects are middle-aged men. The crimes that are detected happen mostly in business activities.
Most environmental crimes are likely never discovered, much less reported. Environmental crime often lacks a clear victim, unlike when a person is robbed or assaulted. These crimes are therefore mostly detected by means of supervision and oversight on the part of the authorities. This means that increased supervision has a direct effect on the crime statistics.
In previous years, there have been shortcomings in how environmental crime has been reported in the statistics. A new system provides a better picture of the actual number of reported crimes.